“Understand a little more about the disease, risk factors and see prevention tips.”
The Brazilian Society of Hemodynamics and Interventional Cardiology (SBHCI) and the Brazilian Society of Cardiology (SBC) have joined forces for a very important campaign, the Alert Heart. The objective is to inform and guide Brazilians about the rich of acute myocardial infarction.
The acute myocardial infarction in is a disease that causes part of the heart muscle death (infarction) due to lack of blood supply to the heart, acutely (fast). According to the Alert Heart Campaign, the disease is growing in large proportions among women. In Brazil, more than 200 women die each year, victims of infarction, even surpassing the numbers of deaths from breast cancer.
Risk factors for acute myocardial infarction:
According to Dr. Marcelo Cantarelli, an SBHCI cardiologist and coordinator of the Heart Alert Campaign, acute myocardial infarction affects women over 40 years of age and, especially after the age of 50, menopause. Still, according to the specialist, the risk factors are linked to are hypertension, diabetes, cholesterol, obesity (especially abdominal), smoking, sedentary lifestyle and stress.
“Among women, there is still the dangerous association between smoking and the concomitant use of contraceptives. Over the past 15 years, there has been an increase in the occurrence of obesity and smoking among women as important factors. We can not forget, especially among young people, the use of illegal drugs such as cocaine and crack are causes of heart attack, “explains the doctor.
Dr. Marcelo, also states that heredity is also a very important factor. The recommendation for people who have a history of parents who have had coronary heart disease (angina or heart attack) before the age of 60 years is to have a cardiologic evaluation until age 30.
Prevention of myocardial infarction:
The cardiologist says that the adoption of healthy habits reduces the chances of the onset of the disease:
- Do not smoke.
- Practice aerobic exercises (walking, running, swimming, water aerobics).
- Have a diet without excesses of saturated fats, cholesterol, sugar, and salt.
- Make an evaluation with a cardiologist to check for the presence of risk factors.
Dr. Marcelo further states that preventive tests should be done annually at least, and may become more frequent if there are any changes to be corrected. “The tests to be performed are often individualized, but overall, the doctor may include blood tests for cholesterol screening and to identify the presence of diabetes,” he says.
In order to identify the risk of acute myocardial infarction, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and functional tests such as the treadmill, echo with pharmacological stress and myocardial scintigraphy, depending on the case, are used. Other exams such as coronary tomography and cardiac catheterization may be requested if the physician finds them necessary for completing the diagnosis.