The first signs and symptoms of pregnancy can occur before the delay of menstruation, but they can be so subtle that only women who are very alert to your body or are trying to get pregnant may realize, because, for most women, they may go unnoticed. However, these symptoms should be taken into consideration, especially after the menstrual delay, because they can also be confused with PMS.
Regardless of the outcome of this test, the best way to confirm that you are pregnant is by taking a home pregnancy test from the pharmacy, which can be done from the 1st day of menstrual delay or after 14 days of intercourse within the period fertile.
The first 10 symptoms of pregnancy that may arise are:
1. Pink vaginal discharge
When the egg is fertilized, there may be a slight pink discharge, which is actually the normal discharge that the woman presents (excess of vaginal mucus) with traces of blood caused by the spermatozoid entering the egg and its displacement until the uterus. This discharge may appear a few minutes after intercourse or up to 3 days after intimate contact, the life span of the sperm within the female organism. Sometimes this discharge is only observed when the woman will cleanse herself after urinating.
2. Colic and abdominal bloating
With the fertilized ovum, there is an increase in blood flow in the pelvic region and then the female hormones take action to preserve the embryo and continue the pregnancy and this may cause some abdominal discomfort that can be recognized as being a menstrual cramp of low to medium intensity. In addition, the woman may still have a small loss of blood, similar to menstruation, but in the lesser amount.
Abdominal swelling is also one of the first symptoms of pregnancy and it is also caused by the intense pelvic changes that are happening. Increased blood flow and adaptation to uterine growth are the major cause of this slight abdominal swelling, which for some may go unnoticed. Around 7 weeks of gestation, the lower part of the novel begins to get hard.
3. Sensitive and swollen breasts
In the first two weeks of pregnancy, the woman can observe that the breasts become more sensitive and this is due to the hormones that stimulate the mammary glands preparing the woman for breastfeeding. In addition, the nipples may become more tender and swollen, and the areola may become darker than normal by increased blood flow in the region.
4. Increased urinary frequency
With the increase of progesterone, there is an increase in urinary frequency, and it is necessary to even wake up at night to pee.
5. Oily skin and pimples
The hormonal changes can lead to the appearance or worsening of blackheads, called scientifically acne, and therefore, in the first weeks of pregnancy, the woman may notice an increase in the oiliness of the skin, which can be controlled with the use of skin cleansers and personal hygiene products.
6. Easy tiredness
Easy fatigue can be noticed as early as the first two weeks of pregnancy due to hormonal changes and decreased blood sugar.
7. Nausea, vomiting and salivation
Numbness and vomiting are common, especially in the morning, and this is one of the most commonly known pregnancy symptoms of pregnancy, which generally appears after the 6th week of gestation and can last through pregnancy. Already increased salivation may remain throughout the pregnancy.
8. Dizziness, sleepiness and headache
Dizziness and untimely sleep are symptoms of pregnancy that occurs because of low blood pressure, blood glucose lowering and poor diet due to frequent nausea and vomiting. They appear early in the first weeks of pregnancy but tend to decrease after the 20th week of gestation.
A headache is also common during pregnancy due to hormonal changes, but it is usually weak, although persistent.
9. Aversion to strong odors
It is very common that early in pregnancy the woman has aversion to strong odors, even if they are apparently pleasing, like perfume. Most pregnant women even vomit after feeling a strong smell, such as gasoline, cigarette or cleaning products, for example. This may be one of the symptoms that come before two weeks of pregnancy.
10. Variations of humor
Early in pregnancy, in the first two weeks of pregnancy, the woman may notice some variations in mood, with no apparent cause. It is very common for the pregnant woman to cry for situations that would not make her cry before she is pregnant and this symptom should remain throughout the pregnancy. Understand why pregnant women become more sensitive.
When to take the pregnancy test
The pregnancy test purchased at the pharmacy can be done on the first day of the menstrual period. If the result is negative, a further 3 to 5 days can be expected, and if menstruation continues late, a new pregnancy test can be performed. If the result is still negative, evaluate the possibility of having a blood test to diagnose pregnancy because it is more reliable and shows the amount of the hormone Beta HCG, which is only produced during pregnancy. This test can indicate the Positive or Negative result and also how many weeks of gestation you are:
- 7 days after fertilization: up to 25 mIU / mL
- 4 weeks after the Last Menstruation Date: 1,000 mIU / mL
- 5 weeks after Date of Last Menstruation: 3,000 mIU / mL
- 6 weeks after the Date of Last Menstruation: 6,000 mIU / mL
- 7 weeks after the Date of Last Menstruation: 20,000 mIU / mL
- 8 to 10 weeks after the Date of Last Menstruation: 100,000 mIU / mL
However, if the woman is not pregnant after 10 days of delayed menstruation, the woman should not be pregnant but should make an appointment with a gynecologist to check the cause of the menstrual delay. Here are some possible causes for: Because of menstruation delays.
In case of psychological pregnancy, all these symptoms of pregnancy may be present and the only way to prove that there is no developing fetus is through examinations. If your test was negative on 2 different days, you want too much or are too afraid of getting pregnant, these symptoms may be present. If this is your case, see how to identify and treat psychological pregnancy.
What to do if the result is Positive
After confirmation of pregnancy through the urine test, it is advised to do a laboratory pregnancy test because this test indicates the amount of Beta HCG hormones present in the bloodstream and as soon as possible should make an appointment with a gynecologist or obstetrician to start monitoring the pregnancy. It is important to perform these 2 exams so the doctor can compare the results.
When to do the ultrasound
From 5 weeks of pregnancy the doctor can perform a transvaginal ultrasonography to observe the gestational sac and verify if the gestation is developing inside the uterus, because in some cases, ectopic pregnancy can occur, which is when despite the woman being pregnant the baby is developing in the fallopian tubes, which is very serious and puts a woman’s life at risk.
If the doctor has not done the ultrasound before, between 8 and 13 weeks of gestation should ask for this test to also confirm the gestational age and when the baby should complete 40 weeks, which should be the expected date of delivery.
In this exam the baby is still very small and little can be seen, but it is usually very exciting for parents. It is still too early to know the sex of the baby, but if the doctor suspects it is a boy, it is likely to be, but it still needs to be confirmed at the next ultrasound, in the second trimester of pregnancy, around 20 weeks.